Rome Metropolitan Area

Country

ITALY

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Region

Lazio

Conflict cases

Civitavecchia
Ostia water use and management - Municipality XII of Rome

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Rome, located in the centre of the Italian peninsula, is the capital of the country and the Lazio region.
Its economy has been traditionally based on the services sector; in fact, in 1991, more than 82% of the active population was employed in this activity sector; the most important sector is public administration. However, in recent years, there has been a growth in advanced activities of the service sector, in particular Research and Development by public and private companies. Today, Rome is one of the most important city in Italy in terms of scientific research; it is home to the National Research Institute and three public universities: "Sapienza University of Rome" (one of the largest in Europe, with 140,000 students), "Tor Vergata" and "Roma Tre" plus numerous private universities, Vatican Universities, foreign Academies and research institutes which have been established since centuries.

Up to the 1970´s, the building sector accounted for the largest proportion of industrial activity. During the last thirty years a more diverse structure has developed, with the creation of new firms (often in response to demand from public administrations), in different technologically advanced sectors such as software design, electronics and aerospace industry.

Rome is also a key tourist attraction with more than 13 millions visitors (1996) and more than 20 millions which have been reached since 2000. Official data of arrivals and overnight stays only in part are able to illustrate the dimension of an activity that plays a major role in the local economy. A specific character of the Rome economy is the importance of TV and cinema production. The ‘Cinecittà’ studios were created in the 1930´s and although they underwent a crisis in the 1980´s, cinema production has expanded in recent years, with a growing number of productions. Concerning its transport infrastructure, Rome has two airports and, within the next five years, the Rome-Naples high-speed rail network will also be completed.

The Rome municipality is at the core of a large metropolitan area. This municipality plays an important role in a wide range of public policies, including urban planning, waste disposal and treatment, education, culture and social services. As part of a national reorganisation of the institutional structure of local administrations, proposals have been formulated to establish a metropolitan government in the Rome area. On this basis, the Municipality of Rome has assumed the role of a "Metropolitan City", which would include exercising the functions of a metropolitan authority on a larger territory than at present. The concept of metropolitan area how indicated in SECOA does not have an administrative dimension but has been identified as result of preliminary researches carried out for comparative scientific purposes. At the same time, some of the present "day to day" municipal functions would be transferred to the administrative districts included in the Metropolitan area. Those would, thus, become true metropolitan municipalities. Nowadays the territory of the municipality of Rome is divided into two areas. On the one side, we have the central city, in within the Aureliano city wall (3rd b.C) and, on the other, the external city or the periphery, made up of townships that resulted from the public and private interventions and spontaneous or illegal developments early in the first stages of the urbanisation process.

In order to reach the objectives of our analysis the RMA has been divided into three zones, defined as “central city” (core and rest of the central city), “inner suburban ring”, “outer suburban ring”. The central city covers a surface of 1498 km² and has a population of 2503850 inhabitants (2001 census). Its territory is very densely populated but, however, especially in its external part, presents some urban protected areas which enter as “wedges” in the core of the city. The central city is characterised by a circular road system (the ring-road), which is intersected by some perpendicular roads, as the highway A1 connecting the North-West to the South-West of Italy, the A12 connecting the Tyrrhenian cities, the A24/A25 connecting the Central-Western part of Italy to the Central-Eastern part. The inner suburban ring covers a surface of 2125 km² and has a population of 889465 inhabitants (2001 census). The outer suburban ring covers a surface of 2169 km² and has a population of 311011 inhabitants (2001 census).

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