Hai Phong

Country

VIETNAM

vm-lgflag

Province

Hai Phong

Conflict cases

Hai Phong Port

Industrial zone

 

Among Vietnam's traditional cities, Hai Phong was formed in a special situation. Considering the North region only, Hai Phong was a young city developed after many other cities that have a long existing process such as: Ha Noi, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Son Tay, Bac Ninh, Hai Duong...

The downtown of Hai Phong nowadays used to be 'Hai tan Phong thu' (Defensive coastal area) of Le Chan Woman General under Trung dynasty the suburban of Duong Kinh - the second capital of the Mac dynasty (1527-1592). At the end of Tu Duc King belonging to Nguyen dynasty, the head office of An Duong district was also moved to Hang Kenh, now belonging to Nguyen Cong Tru street, Le Chan district. As the trading was getting more and more fruitful, many foreign businessmen, mainly Chinese, Thai and Nam Duong ones came so that the Nguyen dynasty establish Nhu Vien station on the bank of Tam Bac river (now the police station on the river) in order to collect taxes. In the early of 70's of the 19 century, more and more Chinese, French and English businessmen...came and asked for doing business at Ninh Hai wharf at the cross road of the Tam Bac river and Cam gate because they discovered that Ninh Hai road could lead to Laokay, and then to Con Minh, Van Nam of China to exploit the enormous region Van Nam-Qui Chau-Tu Xuyen which were very rich in natural resources. In that case, Tu Duc King had to agree to set up a bureau in Hai Phong (bureau was an administrative agency helping Hai Duong province's chief to deal with work in place). In 1887, based on the Hai Phong bureau, the Nguyen dynasty permitted to expand this area to establish Hai Phong province with its head office in the current Le Chan area. In 1888, the French President issued a decree to set up Hai Phong city in the internal urban area, and the province was moved to Phu Lien and renamed as Phu Lien, and then Kien An. Although Hai Phong city was set up with small scale and poor streets at the beginning, the French government early ranked Hai Phong as the first grade city, at the same grade with Sai Gon and Ha Noi of the Indochina region.

Since then, French colonialists speeded up urbanization process of Hai Phong city by building sea ports, river ports, warehouses; Ha Noi-Hai Phong railway, Hai Phong-Van Nam railway; national highway No.5 and No.10 and an airport at Khinh Dao then moved to Cat Bi, Kien An airport, Do Son airport making Hai Phong become the most complete traffic hub in the North. After that French, Chinese and Vietnamese ship building and repairing factories were established quickly. Industries, machinery, processing, chemistry were also expanded...

Some urban infrastructure such as: telecommunications, post office, electricity, water supply...were set up very early, and the electricity particularly was started in 1893, two years earlier than Ha Noi. Services such as: banking, trading, entertainment were also established. The Hai Phong Chamber of Commerce operated within the area from Nghe Tinh to Quang Yen and it worked fairly effectively.

Just during 40 years (1888-1929) of constructing and developing, the former face of city was basically formed as it was taken over by our government in May, 1955. During the world economic crisis and the second world war (1939-1945), the construction speed came to a standstill and all the city expansion projects which had already been approved were not implemented.

In the period 1956-1965, Hai Phong city was recovered and further expanded but was heavily damaged by the American war with many destroyed places. The internal area of Hai Phong has been not only recovered but also expanded in quality and scale only since 1975, especially after the renovation era. Concentrated industrial zones, export processing zones; trade and services centers; universities, professional colleges, research institutes, technological application stations...have been set up creating a more and more complete network. The force of scientists, technicians, managers, businessmen and skillful workers...have been professionally trained in majority and continued to be supplimented and retrained to meet the demand of the city development.

Nowadays, Hai Phong has 7 urban districts and 8 rural ones, including two islandish districts, not taking into account the development speed of satellite cities according to the approved master plan. In the future, the city will continue to propose for establishing some more new urban districts to meet the need of Hai Phong development.

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